UK National Archives

  • FO 608 – Peace Conference: British Delegation, Correspondence and Papers. This series contains correspondence and papers of the British delegation at the Peace Conference, Paris. Also includes private papers of Sir P Waterlow and Lord Sumner as British representatives at the Conference.
  • FO 608/265/23 – Military situation in Estonia, containing:
    • Finnish assistance;
    • Danish Government;
    • Supplies for Danish volunteers for Estonia;
    • Equipment for Danish volunteers for Estonia;
    • British supplies destroyed by Germans;
    • Military situation;
    • Military equipment;
    • Statement of fighting forces in Estonia;
    • Military situation with regard to the advance in Petrograd, with map.
  • FO 608/200/1 – Missions: General Niessel’s Mission to Baltic States, including:
    • Instructions for General Niessel, Chairman of the Commission of Control for the Evacuation of the Baltic Regions;
    • Rolling stock in the Baltic Provinces;
    • Report on the work of the Allied Baltic Mission;
    • Telegrams from General Turner and General Niessel;
    • Military situation in the Baltic States;
    • Reports of Inter-Allied Commission to Baltic States;
    • German evacuation of Baltic States;
    • Recruiting for Army of General Yudenitch from Russians among Bermondt’s troops;
    • Threatened action by General Niessel against Memel;
    • German propaganda in Baltic States;
    • Visit of General Niessel to Riga.
  • FO 608/182 – British delegation, correspondence and papers relating to Russia (Political): Bolshevism; Cables; Consular Service; Communications; Compensation; China; Czecho-Slovaks; Conferences; Commissions; Detention; Denmark; and Estonia and Baltic Provinces.
  • FO 608/182/18 – Denmark: Volunteers for Estonia.
  • FO 608/182/20 – Estonia and Baltic Provinces: Visit of Professor Piip to Paris.
  • FO 608/182/21 – Estonia and Baltic Provinces, including: Independence of Estonia. Estonian and Lettish desire for Allied assistance.
  • FO 608/199/28 – Col Tallent’s British Mission to the Baltics.
  • WO 106/601 – Liquidation of NW Russian Army.
  • WO 32/5751 – Gen Gough mission Nov 1918 – Aug 1919.

Imperial War Museum



  • Q 69728 – Lieutenant General Johan Laidoner, Commander-in-Chief of Estonian Forces, at a parade by the crew of Armoured Train No.2 in Liberty Place, Reval (Tallinn), Estonia. The officer behind General is probably Captain Jan Lapp, the CO of the Armoured Train No. 2.
  • Q 71913 – General Johan Laidoner, the C-in-C of the Estonian Army. (Portrait)
  • HU 91791 – A group of refugees, mostly children, stand beside a railway truck as they make their way from Perma to Navorrosisk in 1919.
  • Q 71924 – The first parade of the Estonian National Army, Tallinn (Reval).
  • Q 69729 – Ruins in Riga, Latvia, following fighting between Estonian forces and the German sponsored West Russian Volunteer Army in October 1919.
  • Q 71917 – General Johannes Orasmaa (Roska), the C-in-C of the Estonian National Guard.
  • Q 71919 – General Ernst Podder, the CO of the 3rd Estonian Division.
  • Q 71915 – General Otto Heinze, the CO of the 1st Estonian Division.
  • Q 71916 – General Paul-Adolf Lill, the Chief of Operations of the Estonian Army General Staff.
  • Q 71920 – General Aleksander Tonisson, the CO of the 1st Estonian Division.
  • Q 71918 – General Johan Unt, the CO of the 2nd Infantry Regiment, and later on, of the 3rd Estonian Division in Reval.
  • Q 71914 – General Jaan Soots, the Chief of Staff of Commander in Chief of the Estonian Army.
  • Q 71927 – Officers of the Estonian Armoured Train No. 2 in Reval (Tallinn). From left to right: Captain Jaan Lepp, the CO of the train; Captain Edwin Reinvaldt, the CO of the Assault Battalion; unknown; Ensign Rotberg; Ensign Albert Tatter.
  • Q 69727 – Rear Admiral Johan Pitka, the Commander-in-Chief of Estonian Navy during the Estonian War of Independence.
  • Q 69731 – British Mark V tanks, presented to the Estonian Army, at Tallinn (Reval) Harbour. Near tank (Male, 6lb guns) and next one (Female, 5 MGS)
  • Q 69732 – Various types of British aircraft presented to the Estonian Air Force during the Estonian War of Independence.
    • One reason I was thinking Pup is I can only see one gun, but it’s too far forward for a Pup, and there is a fairing around the breech characteristic of a Camel, and the cross-bracing above the gun has a streamlined device that is found on the Camel but not the Pup, so I’m going to say a bad snap ID, it is a Camel, I just can’t see the second gun.
    • The next plane along is a 2-bay pusher, which I reckon is the Henry Farman HF.30 that Estonia acquired in January 1919. It was a 1915 design used exclusively by the Imperial Russian Air Service prior to the revolution and civil war. I should add, this was the first aircraft the Estonian Air Force acquired, so that’s quite a special photo!
  • Q 69730 – British 57 mm (6 Pounder) naval gun in position on an Estonian armoured train. The gun was presented to Estonians by Admiral Hugh Sinclair.
  • Q 19380 – Royal Navy light cruiser HMS CARADOC taking arms on board for the Estonians. December 1918
  • Q 19362 – Party of Royal Navy instructors landing at Reval (Tallinn), December 1918.
  • Q 19354 – Royal Navy sailors and Marines giving instruction in the use of Madson guns to party of Estonian officers at Custom House, Reval (Tallinn). December 1918.
  • Q 19357 – Royal Marines instructing Estonians in the use of the Madson gun. December 1918.
  • Q 19355 – A party of Estonian cadets drilling. One of them is wearing a German steel helmet. They are very short of uniforms and boots. December 1918.
  • Q 19372 – Royal Navy light cruiser HMS CASSANDRA at Copenhagen. She was afterwards sunk by a mine on her way to Reval (Tallinn). December 1918.
  • Q 19353 – Rear-Admiral Hugh Sinclair lands at Reval (Tallinn). Leaving landing stage in a car with Estonian officers, 1918.
  • Q 19364 -An obsolete Russian gun boat, the only warship in Estonia. December 1918.
  • Q 19345 – Royal Navy light cruiser HMS CARADOC bombarding Bolshevik positions on Estonian coast. December 1918.

Estonian Archives

Estonian Museums

Printed Books

  • Agar, Captain Augustus VC. 1963. Baltic Episode. A Classic of Secret Services in Russian Waters (Hodder and Stoughton, London)
  • Alston, Charlotte. Piip, Meierovics & Voldemaras (Makers of the Modern World) (Kindle Locations 7-8). Haus Publishing. Kindle Edition.
  • Bennett, G. 2017. Freeing the Baltic (Pen & Sword Maritime, Barnsley)
  • Boltowsky, T & Thomas, N. 2019. Armies of the Baltic Independence Wars 1918-20 (Osprey Publishing, Oxford)
  • Ferguson, H (2010) Operation Kronstadt. (Arrow Book, London)
  • Glock, M. 2018. The Forgotten War of the Royel Navy. Baltic Sea 1918-1920. (MMP Books, Petersfield)
  • Hampden Jackson, J. 1941. Estonia (George Allen & Unwin Ltd, London)
  • Hampden Jackson, J. 1940. The Baltic (University Press, Oxford)
  • Kaasik, P, et al. 2020. Eesti Vabadussoja Ajalugu I (Kirjastus Varrak, Tallinn)
  • Kaasik, P, et al. 2020. Eesti Vabadussoja Ajalugu II (Kirjastus Varrak, Tallinn)
  • Kasekamp, A. 2018. A History of the Baltic States (Palgrave, London)
  • Kraft, Ulle. 2019. Eesti Sojavaevormi Luga 1918-1940 (Printon AS, Tallinn)
  • Laar, M. 1998. Eesti Vabadussoda ja Suurbritannia. Britain and the Estonian War of Independence 1918-1920. (British Embassy, Tallinn)
  • Laar M. 2017. Estonia 100 – the journey of our state (Regio OU, Tartu)
  • Oun, M, Walter, H and Sammalsoo, P. 2012. Struggles in the Baltic (Grief OU, Tartu)
  • Tallents, Sir S. 1943. Man and Boy. (Faber and Faber, London)
  • Taylor, N. 2018. Estonia. A Modern History. (C. Hurst & Co, London)
  • Wright, D. 2017 Churchill’s Secret War with Lenin (Helion & Company, Warwick)

Internet Sites